FSU Department of Oceanography Newsletter
No. 27 Fall/Winter 2004


Inside this issue:

Dr. Doron Nof: a Leading Expert on Ocean Circulation
Professors Give Back to the Department
Staff: A Changing of the Guard
Around the OSB
Professional Activities
Dr. Jeff Chanton is a "Mystery Hunter"
Travel
Oceanography Shirts Now Available for Alumni
Honors
Alumni
Degrees Conferred
A View from the Bridge


 Dr. Doron Nof: a Leading Expert on Ocean Circulation

Nof Photo Dr. Doron Nof

In the recent movie, The Day After Tomorrow, the glaciers in the Arctic ocean are breaking apart, hurricanes are wiping out cities, and tornadoes destroy Los Angeles ushering in a new Ice Age in the Northern Hemisphere - all within a week. And all of this mayhem was caused by an abrupt change in the Atlantic Ocean current. Could Hollywood's version of the dramatic consequences of global warming and climate change actually happen? Dr. Doron Nof, the Fridtjof Nansen Professor of Oceanography here at FSU, says that according to his current research, it cannot. Together with Dr. Agatha DeBoer and Steve Van Gorder, Dr. Nof has been working on abrupt climate change with a primary focus on whether the ocean can change its circulation abruptly. They are using theory and numerical climate models to answer this important question. According to Dr. Nof, "Conventional wisdom says that the ocean can change its circulation abruptly. This is based on a theory and calculations that I don't think are right. Our work suggests that it cannot."

Dr. Nof is the European Geosciences Union (EGU) Fridtjof Nansen Medallist for 2005. He was awarded this great honor in recognition of his fundamental contributions to the understanding of the movement of fluids within the ocean and its relationship to the interaction with the atmosphere above. He will receive the medal at the EGU meeting in Vienna in April 2005.

Two students are currently working on their Ph.D.s under Dr. Nof's supervision, Catherine Sandal and Volodymyr Zharkov. Catherine is studying paleoceanography - oceanography of ancient times. Her research focuses on the influence of the Bering Strait (the narrow and shallow strait that connects the Pacific ocean to the Arctic ocean) on the climate of the North Atlantic. Approximately 10,000 years ago, icebergs blocked the Bering Strait causing the sea level to rise and water to flow through the strait. At the same time, oceanic and atmospheric temperatures rose abruptly on Greenland, as seen in the paleo record (GISPII). Their theory is that these two occurrences are connected, such that the opening of the Bering Strait initiated the rise in temperature. Volodymyr is a new student from Russia and hasn't yet determined the focus of his thesis.

Also on Dr. Nof's research team are Steve Van Gorder, Associate in Research, and Ray Bieber, Grant Administrator. Steve's work focuses on analytical and numerical modeling of ocean physics which includes designing and running computer models for specific oceanic processes, creating computer graphics for publication from the model results, and programming calculations with observational data to compare theory with reality. Ray joined Dr. Nof's team in 2004 after a 35-year career with the Canadian Navy that included diplomatic planning and policy appointments at NATO. He retired in 1997 and moved to South Texas where he was active in environmental issues and photography. His responsibilities are varied, including manuscript preparation, computer graphics, library research, and many other details related to the research effort.


 

Professors Give Back to the Department

The Department of Oceanography is very excited to announce two wonderful gifts to the university that will directly benefit the department.

John W. and Ellen M. Winchester have established The John W. and Ellen M. Winchester Endowment. The John W. and Ellen M. Winchester Endowment will be used to enhance education in chemical oceanography and its links to related disciplines, including, but not limited to: fellowship awards to students of exceptional promise; equipment and supplies needed for student research; and support for student professional travel.

Jim and Sheila O'Brien have established The Jim and Sheila O'Brien Graduate Fellowship in the College of Arts and Sciences. The Jim and Sheila O'Brien Graduate Fellowship will support PhD candidates at FSU who have submitted a PhD prospectus to either the Oceanography or Meteorology Department in the College of Arts and Sciences. The Fellowship will be a supplementary stipend for students in the area of air sea interaction and physical oceanography.



 

Staff

A Changing of the Guard

After almost 13 years with the Department of Oceanography, Linda Carter, Coordinator of Administrative Services, retired in August. Many department members came to wish her a fond farewell at her retirement party on August 20th. Since her retirement, Linda has been "on the move." She traveled to Los Angeles with her husband Frank to spend time with her niece as Frank supervised security for the Pepsi Billion Dollar Giveaway. She's driven up to western New York to see her mother twice and spent a couple of weeks there each visit. "I'm absolutely enjoying myself," she says. "Spending time with my family is wonderful." She enjoys traveling to New York because, "It's the most beautiful part of the country, especially at this time of year when the leaves are changing."

Taking on the job of Coordinator of Administrative Services and hitting the ground running is Susan Stetson. Susan is a FSU alumna, graduating with a B.S. Degree in Visual Communications with a Minor in Art History. She has been working at FSU for 24 years in various departments including meteorology, classics, arts & sciences, and computer science. Susan is a runner and volunteered for five years as the co-director of the Tallahassee Marathon. She also continues to feed her artistic side by selling her pottery at ArtisTree Hospice Shop. The department is happy to welcome Susan to the oceanography family.

Linda Photo

Linda Carter receives retirement advice from the department's two latest retirees, Dave Hunley (left) and Jim Winne (right).



 

Around the OSB

Welcome

Eric Howarth recently joined the Current Meter Facility as an engineer. He comes to FSU from San Diego, where he earned his Masters Degree.

The department would also like to welcome Bobbie Yurkiewicz, who is working for Dr. Speer. Before she retired, Bobbie was a tax accountant. She and her husband spent the last three years traveling around the country in an RV but recently decided to settle in Tallahassee to be near their new grandbaby.

Oceans' Day and FSU Day at the Florida Capitol

In a continuing effort at community outreach, members of the Department of Oceanography manned a booth at both Oceans' Day and FSU Day at the Capitol this spring. Highlights included the presentation of the Oceans' Initiative to Governor Bush and T. K. Wetherell leading members of the FSU Marching Band down the hallways playing the FSU Fight Song. Thank you to everyone who participated, Denise Akob, Sara Cleveland, Henrieta Dulaiova, Chad Hanson, Lainie Petrie, Jim Prater, Jennifer Putland, Annette Samuelson, Cathrine Sandal, Chris Sedlacek, Linda Sedlacek, April Smith, Dr. Nancy Marcus, and Dr. Doug Nowacek.

Outstanding Graduate Faculty Mentor Awards

All currently enrolled graduate students, graduate student organizations, graduate alumni, faculty, and staff are invited to nominate candidates for the Outstanding Graduate Faculty Mentor Awards. The awards are intended to honor faculty mentors whose dedication to graduate students and commitment to excellence in graduate education and mentoring have made a significant contribution to the quality of life and professional development of FSU's graduate students. The nomination deadline is February 1, 2005 to the Office of Graduate Studies, www.fsu.edu/gradstudies/.

FSU Teaching and Advising Awards

The Florida State University Teaching and Advising Awards Committee is seeking nominations for awards recognizing faculty for excellence in teaching and advising. Each award carries an honorarium of $2,000.

Please mail a letter of nomination stating the reasons you feel this professor was an outstanding teacher or advisor to the University Teaching and Advising Committee, 212 Westcott Building, Tallahassee, FL 32306-1310 or fax it to (850) 644-0172. Nominations must be received by Friday, January 9, 2004.

Graduate Student Travel Award

Congratulations to Jianke Li, the recipient of the 2004-2005 Graduate Student Travel Award. He will attend the Fall AGU meeting in San Francisco in December 2004.



 

Professional Activities

New Grants

Dr. William Dewar
National Science Foundation
$125,362 2004-2005
"Collaborative Research: CLIMODE - a collaboration between FSU, OSU, University of Washington, and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution."

Dr. Thorsten Dittmar
Petroleum Research Fund (American Chemical Society)
$35,000 2004-2006
"Life in Antarctic sea ice: a significant source of persistent organic compounds to the world oceans?"

FSU (First Year Asst. Prof. Grant)
June 2004-August 2004
"Deciphering the molecular rosetta stone in Florida salt marshes: Do intertidal environments impact element cycles on a global scale?"

Drs. Markus Huettel and Joel Kostka
National Science Foundation
$481,726 2004-2007
Collaborative research: "Biocatalytical filtration and carbon cycling in permeable shelf sediments"

Dr. Joel Kostka
DOE
$269,326 2004-2007
"An integrated assessment of geochemical and community structure determinants of metal reduction rates in subsurface sediments"

Dr. Nancy Marcus
Sub-contract from Mote Marine Lab.
$75,000 2004-2005
"Developing marine fish hatchery and nursery culture to expand Florida's aquaculture industry"

USDA-ARS via subcontract to Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution
$145,455 2004-2005
"Culture technology for production of southern flounder"

Invited Presentations

Drs. Jeff Chanton and Behzad Mortazavi
"Abiotic and biotic control on the 13C of respired CO2 in the southeastern US forests and a new technique for measuring the δ18O of soil CO2 efflux"
Joint Biosphere Atmosphere Stable Isotope Network (US) and Stable Isotopes in Biosphere Atmosphere Exchange (EU) Meeting, Interlaken, Switzerland
March 31 to April 4, 2004

Dr. Allan Clarke
"High resolution El Niño coastal flow and the Australian western rock lobster population"
Ocean Sciences Meeting, Portland, OR
January 29, 2004

Dr. Allan Clarke and Steve Van Gorder
"Evaluation of operational predictions by the heat content/indo-pacific wind ENSO prediction model"
CLIVAR meeting, Baltimore, MD
June 21, 2004

Dr. Thorsten Dittmar
"Establishing a molecular evidence for the outwelling of dissolved organic matter from mangroves"
Gordon Research Conference, Organic Geochemistry, Holderness, NH
August 8-13, 2004

Dr. Markus Huettel
"Biological and physical transport processes at the seafloor"
CoOP workshop "CBED", St. Petersburg, FL
April 4-7, 2004

"Pore water transport and organic matter decomposition in shallow shelf environments"
Dauphin Island Sea Lab
June 8, 2004

"The role of permeable lagoon sediments in the cycling of nutrients in coral reefs"
ASLO Summer Meeting, Savannah, GA
June 13-17, 2004

Dr. Joel Kostka
"Macrobenthos mediate the coupling of the Fe-C-S-N cycles in coastal wetlands"
ASLO Summer Meeting, Savannah, GA
June 2004

"Scale-up of sediment biogeochemistry to the ecosystem level in a Georgia saltmarsh"
AGU Chapman Conference on Saltmarsh Geomorphology and Biogeochemistry, Halifax, Nova Scotia
October 2004

Dr. William Landing
"A North Atlantic section for dissolved iron and aluminum: CLIVAR-2003 A16N" and "The solubility of aerosol iron and aluminum in the North Atlantic Ocean: Results from the CLIVAR A16N-2003 repeat hydrography cruise"
NOAA/PMEL lab in Seattle and the Oceanography Department at the University of Washington
May 2004

Dr. Nancy Marcus
"The impact of hypoxia on the life history and population dynamics of Acartia tonsa"
Darling Marine Center
August 2004

Dr. David Thistle
"Consequences for the deep-sea fauna of injection of liquid carbon dioxide: preliminary results"
Twelfth International Meiofaunal Conference, Ravenna, Italy
July 2004

Publications

Dulaiova, H. and W.C. Burnett, 2004. An efficient method for gamma spectrometric determination of 226,228Ra via Mn fibers. Limnology and Oceanography Methods, 2, 256-261.

Nour, S., A. El-Sharkawy, W.C. Burnett, and E.P. Horwitz, 2004. Radium-228 determination of natural waters via concentration on manganese dioxide and separation using Diphonix ion exchange resin. Applied Radiation & Isotopes, 61, 1173-1178.

Mortazavi, B., and J.P. Chanton, 2004. Use of Keeling plots to determine sources of dissolved organic carbon in nearshore & open ocean systems. Limnology and Oceanography, 49(1), 102-108.

Clarke, A.J., and J. Li, 2004. El Niño/La Niña shelf edge flow and Australian Western Rock Lobsters. Geophys. Res. Letters, 31(11), L11301, 10.1029/2003GL018900, 02 June 2004.

Dittmar, T, 2004. Evidence for terrigenous dissolved organic nitrogen in the Arctic deep-sea. Limnology and Oceanography, 49, 148-156.

Dittmar, T, 2004. Hydrochemical processes controlling arsenic and heavy metal contamination in the Elqui river system (Chile). The Science of the Total Environment, 325, 193-207.

Cohen, M., R.J. Lara, C.F. Szlafsztein, and T. Dittmar, 2004. Mangrove inundation and nutrient dynamics under a GIS perspective. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 12, 81-86.

Precht, E., and M. Huettel, March 2004. Rapid wave-driven advective pore water exchange in a permeable coastal sediment. Journal of Sea Research, 51(2), 93-107.

Roey, H., M. Huettel, and B.B. Joergensen, 2004. Transmission of oxygen concentration fluctuations through the diffusive boundary layer overlying aquatic sediments. Limnology and Oceanography, 49(3), 686-692.

Wild, C., M. Huettel, and R. Tollrian, 2004. Rapid recycling of coral mass-spawning products in permeable reef sediments. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 271, 159-166.

North, N.N., S.L. Dollhopf, L. Petrie, J.D. Istok, D.L. Balkwill, and J.E. Kostka, 2004. A change in bacterial community structure during in situ biostimulation of subsurface sediment cocontaminated with uranium and nitrate. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 70, 4911-4920.

Marcus, N.H., C. Richmond, C. Sedlacek, G. Miller, and C. Oppert, 2004. Impact of hypoxia on the survival and fecundity of Acartia tonsa. Journal Experimental Biology and Ecology, 301, 111-128.

Jo, Soo-gun and N.H. Marcus, 2004. The effect of temperature and duration of incubation on the hatching of diapause eggs of Centropages hamatus (Copepoda, Calanoida). Aquaculture Research, 35, 432-435.

Marcus, N.H., 2004. The impact of eutrophication and chemical pollution on copepod communities of the coastal zone. Zoological Studies, 43(2), 211-217.

Teasdale, M., K. Vopel, and D. Thistle, 2004. The timing of benthic copepod emergence. Limnology and Oceanography, 49, 884-889.

Carman, K.R., D. Thistle, J.W. Fleeger, and J.P. Barry, 2004. The influence of introduced CO2 on deep-sea metazoan meiofauna. Journal of Oceanography, 60, 767-772.

Suderman, K., and D. Thistle, 2004. The relative impacts of spills of two alternative fuels on the microalgae of a sandy site: a microcosm study. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 49, 473-478.



 

Dr. Jeff Chanton is a "Mystery Hunter"


 
Chanton Films Mystery Hunter Chanton Films Mystery Hunter

The film crew from "Mystery Hunters" which airs on Discovery Kids was in town October 14th to film an episode of the show starring our very own Dr. Jeff Chanton (wearing glasses) talking about the Mystery of the Delphic Oracle. The mystery surounded the eighth century oracle for Apollo in Delphi Greece who, it was said, was delirious as she prophesied due to inhaling the sacred fumes from a chamber under the temple. Dr. Chanton explained to the host of the show how he tested the rocks and water from the ancient temple site and discovered the chemicals methane, ethane, and ethylene - all of which would cause a state of delirium similar to those attributed to the Deliphic Oracle so the mystery was solved. The program should air in mid-January.



 

Travel

Burnett on Ship

On September 15-20, Dr. Bill Burnett (front left) and Ricky Peterson (not pictured) went to China to analyze radium levels in the Yellow River and surrounding estuary in the Bohai Sea.


 
Henrieta on Ship Burnett Working on Ship

In July, Henrieta Dulaiova (left) and Dr. Bill Burnett (right front) visited Thailand to do a wet season geochemical tracer analysis of the Chao Phraya river estuary in the Gulf of Thailand.



 

Oceanography Shirts Now Available for Alumni

shirt photo In an effort to help make the Department of Oceanography one of the best dressed departments at FSU, the Thalassic Society designed new denim and golf shirts with a full-colored embroidered oceanography logo over the left chest.

The denim shirts come in long and short sleeves in a light or medium wash color with sizes small-xlarge. The pique golf shirts come in sizes xsmall-xlarge and in a variety of colors; men's - royal, burgundy, faded blue, and stone, and women's - blueberry, faded blue, seafoam, and yellow. The shirts cost $25 each which includes shipping/handling and tax. (For a 2x shirt add $3 and for a 3x shirt add $4.50.) The Thalassic Society is not making any money from the sale of these shirts.

The deadline for placing your order is January 28, 2005. To view photos of the shirts and place your order, go to: www. ocean.fsu.edu/thalassic_shirts.html. Show your pride in the FSU Department of Oceanography by wearing an oceanography shirt.



 

Honors

Dr. Doron Nof Was awarded the "Nansen Medal" by the European Geosciences Union (EGU), the only oceanographic award of the EGU. He will be giving a "Medal Lecture" at their upcoming meeting in Vienna in April 2005.



 

Alumni News

Harper Simmons, Ph.D. 2000, Dr. Doron Nof's former student, has been awarded the Office of Naval Research Young Investigator Award for his proposal, A Study of Internal Wave Generation, Evolution, and Propagation in a Global Baroclinic Ocean Model.



 

Degrees Conferred

Completed requirements for Masters

Spring 2004

Christina Stringer,
"Assessment of Groundwater Discharge to Lake Barco via Radon Tracing"
(BURNETT)



 

View From the Bridge

Greetings,

The summer is gone and we are already more than halfway through the fall semester. Change continues to mark our department. Linda Carter retired as our Coordinator of Administrative Services at the end of August. Mrs. Carter was a tremendous asset to the department and I truly wish her well in retirement. I understand that she is traveling and generally has a smile on her face! Ms. Susan Stetson was hired into her position. Fortunately, Ms. Stetson is quite familiar with the policies and procedures at Florida State University having worked for several units over the years, so the transition has not been as painful as I had feared! We have a new employee, Eric Howarth, in the Current Meter Facility and ten new graduate students joined the department this fall. In this edition of the newsletter you will note various accomplishments of our faculty, staff, and students e.g. Doron Nof has been awarded the Nansen Medal from the European Geophysical Union. Also highlighted in the newsletter are two wonderful gifts to the university from faculty that will directly benefit our graduate program. John W. and Ellen M. Winchester have established The John W. and Ellen M. Winchester Endowment and Jim and Sheila O'Brien have established the Jim and Sheila O'Brien Graduate Fellowship in the College of Arts and Sciences. On behalf of the Department of Oceanography, I extend my sincerest appreciation to our colleagues and their families for these gifts. Gifts such as these and donations to the department's general development fund are greatly appreciated as they enable us to enrich the academic experience of our students and faculty. Have a wonderful holiday season.

Sincerely,

Marcus Signature